Cathars and Cathar Beliefs in the Languedoc
More Information on the Cathars, Cathar Beliefs & Gnostic Dualism


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If you are interested in the Cathars, their history and their beliefs, there is no shortage of material.  The problem is sorting the wheat from the chaff. Here is some of the wheat.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SOURCE DOCUMENTS

 

 

Gnostic and Cathar Documents

 

The Gospel of St Thomas    An early gospel, possibly first century and earlier than (and a primary source for) the earlier "Canonical" gospels.

A Gnostic gospel: The Book of John the Evangelist      

The Consolamentum, The The Cathar Right of Baptism by the Holy Spirit - English translation of the Lyons Ritual   

Apparelhamentum, English translation of the Cathar
Right of General Confession

New Testament & Cathar Ritual. Translation by Jean Duvernoy of MS PA 36, Bibliotèque de la Ville de Lyon:

 

Orthodox Documents

 

Anna Comnena, on the Bogomils c. 1110 in English translation from the Greek. The Bogomils were almost certainly the source of Catharism in the West

 

 

 

Accounts of the Cathar Crusades

 

The Siege of Termes from The Song of the Cathar Wars: The History of the Albigensian Crusade, translated by Janet Shirley (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1996)

The Siege of Termes: Sections 171 to 192 of chapter 7 of the Historia Albigensis by Pierre des Vaux-de-Cernay

Historia Albigensium by Pierre des Vaux-de-Cernay (pdf in the Original Latin, Migne, PL, vol 213, col 0543-0711)

The Siege of Toulouse 1217-18 according to The Chronicle of William of Puylaurens, Chapters 26-8   

Canso de la crozada - Guillaume de Tudèle

 

 

 

Catholic & Inquisition Documents

 

Inquisition Documents

 

Medieval Sourcebook, Primary Documents Jacques Fournier, Bishop of Pamiers 1318-1325: The Inquisition Record. [At SJSU] English translation by Nancy P. Stork of selected confessions by Cathar heretics and Jews to Bishop Jacques Fournier and the Inquisition at Pamiers.

Records of Inquisitors Bernard de Caux and Jean de St Pierre in the Lauragais 1245-1246, 1253 (MS 609 Biblioteque Municipal de Toulouse) - with introductions, by Jean Duvernoy:

Inquisition Register of Geoffroy d'Ablis - (MS lat. 4269 B.N. Paris) - with introductions, by Jean Duvernoy:

Sentences of Jacques Fournier & Jean de Beaune, delivered at the cemetry of St-John de Pamiers on 8 March 1320 (fragment) "Sermon de Pamiers" - MS AD Ariège J 127 - in Latin, with introduction, in French, by Jean Duvernoy.

Register of Inquisitor Jean Galand - Deposition of Bertrand de Lagarrigue in 1285 - (Doat XXVI, ff° 245 - 254 v°) In Latin with French translation, by Jean Duvernoy.

Enquiry by Bernard de Caux - in Bas-Quercy, Toulousain (Doat XXII, f° 1 to 106,) In Latin with French translation, by Jean Duvernoy. Agen (1243-44), Cahors (1244-45), Toulouse (1246-1247). Table of names (people +places)

Fragment of the Register of Jean de Saint Pierre and Reginald de Chartres - Lauragais (MS Bonnet) - 1256 In Latin with French introduction and translation, by Jean Duvernoy.

Register of Pons de Parnac and other Inquisitors of Toulouse, Lauragais 1273 - 1282 (Doat XXV et XXVI ff° 1-79). In Latin with French translation, by Jean Duvernoy.

Register DDD of the Inquisition of Carcassonne. (Sentences 1323-1327) (Béguins, Narbonnaise et Biterrois) Doat XXVII. In Latin with French introduction, by Jean Duvernoy. Lodève 2 July 1323, Pamiers 7 August 1324, Carcassone 23 February 1325, Carcassonne 1 March 1327.

Register GGG of the Inquisition of Carcassonne. (Sentences 1328-1329) (Béguins, Narbonnaise et Biterrois) Doat XXVIII. In Latin with French introduction, by Jean Duvernoy. Carcassonne 11 November 1328, Prouille 24 December 1328, Narbonne 9 December 1328, Pamiers 13 January 1329, Béziers 19 Mayi 1329, Carcassonne 8 September 1329.

 

 

Other Catholic Documents

 

Canon Four of the Council of Tours (1163)

Canon Three of the Fourth Lateran Council (1215)

Summa contra hereticos (a 13 century treatis against the Cathars) published by Jean Duvernoy - MS Doat XXXVI and BM Toulouse 379). French Introduction + Latin Text .

Cathars and the Poormen of Lyon by Raynier Sacconni (a Dominican) dated 1250 - a French translation published by Jean Duvernoy.

Accusations against the Albigensians by Raynaldus (13th C)

An Extract from the Chronicle of Ralph, abbot of Coggershalion concerning the discovery of a Cathar in Rheims

Bernard Gui, Extract from the Inquisitors' Manual [1307-1323], Practica inquisitionis heretice pravitatis on the Waldensians

Bernard Gui, Extract from the Inquisitors' Manual [1307-1323], Practica inquisitionis heretice pravitatis on the Beguines

Bernard Gui, Extract from the Inquisitors' Manual [1307-1323], Practica inquisitionis heretice pravitatis on the Albigensians (Cathars)

Caesarius of Heisterbach: Medieval Heresies from Dialogue on Miracles, V , Discussion of Waldensians, Albigenses, and "intellectual heretics" at Paris.

Angelo Clareno, a Spiritual Franciscan: On Torture , early 14th Cent.

 

 

Lyon Ritual
 
Cathar Tours
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

BOOKS

 

 

 

 

Books on Catharism and the Cathars

 

 

Books on Catharism

 

Reviews of books on Cathars & Catharism

General Reading on Cathars & Catharism

Intermediate Reading on Cathars & Catharism

Academic Reading on Cathars & Catharism

Source Documents (in translation) on Cathars & Catharism

Historical Revisionism - on Cathars & Catharism

Books in French on Cathars & Catharism

Novels and Other Books on Cathars & Catharism

 

 

Books on the Cathar Crusades

 

 in French. L'Épopée Cathare, Book by Michel Roquebert: 5 volumes. (Privat; v1 1970, v2 1977, v3 1986, v4 1989, v5 1998.  The definitive work on the history of the Cathar war.  5 stars

 

Cistercians, Heresy and Crusade in Occitania, 1145-1229: Preaching in the Lord's Vineyard;     by Beverly Mayne Kienzle ;     Hardcover: 280 pages ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.91 x 9.50 x 6.42;     Publisher: York Medieval Pr; (May 2001) ;     ISBN: 190315300X

 

The Albigensian Crusade by Jonathan Sumption ;     Paperback: 272 pages ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.84 x 8.49 x 5.32 Publisher: Faber & Faber; (June 2000);     ISBN: 0571200028 ;     Hardcover;     Publisher: Faber & Faber; (April 1978;     ASIN: 0571110649  5 stars

 

The Albigensian Crusades (Ann Arbor Paperback Series);     by Joesph R. Strayer, Joseph Strayer, Carol Lansing (Designer);     Paperback: 283 pages ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.75 x 8.18 x 5.46 Publisher: University of Michigan Press; (July 1992);     ISBN: 0472064762

 

Massacre at Montsegur: A History of the Albigensian Crusade by Zoe Oldenbourg ;     Paperback: 432 pages ; Dimensions (in inches): 1.33 x 8.46 x 5.44;     Publisher: Phoenix Press, London WC2; (June 2001);     ISBN: 1842124285;     ( in French. Buché à Montsegùr)  5 stars

 

The Chronicle of William of Puylaurens: The Albigensian Crusade and Its Aftermath;     by W. A. Sibly (Translator), M. D. Sibly (Translator), G. F. Pegg;     Hardcover: 198 pages ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.87 x 9.46 x 6.34 ;     Publisher: Boydell & Brewer; (July 2003);     ISBN: 0851159257

 

The Cathars and the Albigensian Crusade,  Book by Michael Costen, Manchester University Press, 1997.  Very good introduction to the subject.  4 stars

 

 

 

 

Books on the Papal Inquisition

 

 in French. Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie, Montaillou, village occitan de 1294 à 1324, Editions Gallimard (Paris, 1978),   in English.  Montaillou, abridged English version, Penguin (London, 1978), Book by   A good account of a coda to the main story of the Cathars, based on Inquisition records of the arrest of a whole village on suspicion of Catharism.  5 stars

 

Rene Weis, The Yellow Cross: The Story of the Last Cathars 1290-1329 by s (Hardcover)  4 stars

 

Mark Mettler, Heretics: An Evaluation of Cathar Faith and Practice: An Interpretation of the Inquisition Record of Bishop of Pamiers, Jacques Fournier, Le Registre d'inquisition de Jacques Fournier (Paris: Mouton, 1978) as Translated from Latin into French by Jean Duvernoy.  4 stars
http://newmarch.org/gryffri/Heretics.htm

 

John H. Arnold, Inquisition and Power: Catharism and the Confessing Subject in Medieval Languedoc (Middle Ages Series);          Hardcover: 328 pages ; Dimensions (in inches): 1.15 x 9.60 x 6.62;     Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press; (August 2001);     ISBN: 0812236181

 

Raymond A. Mentzer, Heresy Proceedings in Languedoc, 1500-1560, Part A (Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, Vol 74);         Paperback ;     Publisher: Amer Philosophical Society; (August 1984);     ISBN: 0871697459

 

James B. Given,   Inquisition and Medieval Society: Power, Discipline, and Resistance in Languedoc;       Paperback: 255 pages ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.66 x 8.96 x 6.06 ;     Publisher: Cornell Univ Pr; (December 2001);     ISBN: 0801487595;   

 

Click on the following link for recommended Books on Dualism and other HeresiesNext.

 

 

Books on Languedoc History

 

Knights of the Cloister: Templars and Hospitallers in Central-Southern Occitania 1100-1300 by Dominic Selwood ;     Paperback: 288 pages ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.76 x 9.19 x 6.11 ;     Publisher: Boydell & Brewer; (November 2002) ;     ISBN: 0851158285

 

Peasants of Languedoc;     by Emmanuel L. Ladurie, John Day (Translator);     Paperback: ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.80 x 9.02 x 6.05 Publisher: Univ of Illinois Pr (Pro Ref); (December 1977);     ISBN: 0252006356

 

Luminous Debris: Reflecting on Vestige in Provence and Languedoc;     by Gustaf Sobin;     Paperback: 304 pages ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.73 x 8.02 x 6.00;     Publisher: University of California Press; (November 1999);     ISBN: 0520222458

 

Absolutism and Society in Seventeenth-Century France : State Power and Provincial Aristocracy in Languedoc by William Beik (Author);     Paperback: 396 pages ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.87 x 8.85 x 5.93;     Publisher: Cambridge University Press; Reprint edition (June 1989);     ISBN: 0521367824

 

How They Kept the Faith: A Tale of the Huguenots of Languedoc (Huguenot Inheritance Series, #3);     by Grace Raymond ;     Paperback: ; Dimensions (in inches): 1.00 x 7.75 x 5.25 Publisher: Inheritance Publications; (June 1996);     ISBN: 0921100647

 

Cultivating Dissent: Work, Identity, and Praxis in Rural Languedoc (Suny Series in National Identities);     by Winnie Lem ;     Paperback: 268 pages ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.62 x 8.88 x 5.88 Publisher: State Univ of New York Pr; (May 1999);     ISBN: 0791441881

 

Histoire du Languedoc;     by Emmanuel le roy Ladurie;     Paperback ;     Publisher: Presses Universitaires de France (PUF);     ISBN: 2130427308

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


GUIDED TOURS OF CATHAR CASTLES OF THE LANGUEDOC

You can join small exclusive guided tours of Cathar Castles
led by an English speaking expert on the Cathars
who lives in the Languedoc
(author of www.cathar.info and www.catharcastles.info )

Selected Cathar Castles. Accommodation provided. Transport Provided.

Cathar Origins, History, Theology.
The Crusade, The Inquisition, and Consequences

Click here to visit the Cathar Country Website for more information

ACADEMIC RESOURCES

 

 

 

Academic Papers and Articles

 

The Virgin Mary in Cathar Thought, Sarah Hamilton, Senior Lecturer, University of Exeter
The Journal of Ecclesiastical History (2005), 56 : pp 24-49
http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=285926

 

Journal of Religious History, Special Issue: Cathar Heresy
Volume 35, Issue 4, pages 469–477, December 2011

 

Inquisitors and Heretics in Thirteenth-Century Languedoc: Edition and Translation of Toulouse Inquisition Depositions, 1273-1282.Ed. Dr Pete Biller (Professor of History) York University, Caterina Bruschi and Shelagh Sneddon. (Brill: Leiden, 2011).

 

'Cathars and the Material World', by Dr Pete Biller (Professor of History) York University in God's Bounty? The Churches and the Natural World, Studies in Church History 46 (Boydell and Brewer: Woodbridge, 2010), pp. 89-110.

 

'Deep is the Heart of Man, and Inscrutable: Signs of Heresy in Medieval Languedoc', by Dr Pete Biller (Professor of History) York University in Text and Controversy from Wyclif to Bale: Essays in Honour of Anne Hudson, ed. H. Barr and A.M. Hutchison, Medieval Church Studies 4 (Brepols: Turnhout, 2005), pp. 267-80.

 

'Cathar Peacemaking', by Dr Pete Biller (Professor of History) York University in Christianity and Community in the West: Essays for John Bossy, ed. S. Ditchfield, St Andrews Studies in Reformation History (Ashgate Press: Aldershot, 2001), pp. 1-23.

 

'William of Newburgh and the Cathar Mission to England', by Dr Pete Biller (Professor of History) York University in Life and Thought in the Northern Church c.1100-c.1700: Essays in Honour of Claire Cross, ed. D. Wood, Studies in Church History, Subsidia, 12 (Ecclesiastical History Society, The Boydell Press: Woodbridge, 1999), pp. 11-30.

 

'Women and Texts in Languedocian Catharism', by Dr Pete Biller (Professor of History) York University in Women, the Book and the Godly, ed. L. Smith and J.H.M. Taylor (D.S. Brewer: Cambridge, 1995), pp. 171-82.

 

'Cathars and their supporters in the northern Languedoc', Claire Taylor, Associate Professor, Faculty of Arts, Nottingham University, presented at the 36th International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan, May 2001.

 

'Innocent III, King John and the Albigensian Crusade (1209-1216)', Claire Taylor Associate Professor, Faculty of Arts, Nottingham University, presented at 'Pope Innocent III and his World', Hofstra University, New York, May 1997.

 

Review: L'histoire du Catharisme en discussion: Le 'Concile' de Saint-Félix (1167). Oxford Journals, English Historical Review, Volume120, Issue486, pp. 500-502.. http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/120/486/500.2.full.pdf+html

 

Papas Nicetas: A Byzantine Dualist in the Land of the Cathars, by D Obolensky, 1983
www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/41036110

 

David Cherrett, Cathar Ecclesiology: An Example of a Heresy's Institutionalisation, 1991 (previously unpublished.). A interesting view of the Cathar Church hierarchy, touching on the veracity of the Acts of the Council of Saint-Félix (currently a hot topic in Cathar studies because it is cetral to the revisionist case). Any comments to dcherrett@hotmail.com.

 

 

Catching Fire from Dominic's Vision. The Coming of the Preachers, Barbara Beaumont OP

Paper presented at a meeting of the International Commissionhs of the Dominican Order, Prouilhe, France, April, 2006 celebrating the coming 800th anniversary of the foundations of the Order, largely about the founding of Prouilhe.

 

 

Anotated English translation by James McDonald of Voltaire's account of the Crusade against the Cathars of the Languedoc

 

 
 
 
 
 

University and other Academic Courses on Heresy & the Cathars

 

 

For short, on-site academically sound courses in the Languedoc see the Cathar Country Website

 

UK

  • Cambridge University: Crusade, Heresy and Inquisition, Jonathan Phillips (Professor of Crusading History, Royal Holloway, University of London)
  • Cardiff University: HS1710 - Heresy and Dissent, 1000-1450, Helen Nicholson (Reader in History)
  • York University: Popular Heresy in the High Middle Ages, Dr Pete Biller (Professor of History)
    http://www.york.ac.uk/history/staff/profiles/biller/
    http://www.york.ac.uk/history/undergraduate/courses/special-subject/42-3-1860/
  • Reading University: Dr Rebecca Rist (Lecturer in Medieval History)
  • University of Glasgow: Dr Andrew P Roach (Senior Lecturer in History)

 

US

  • Washington University: Professor Mark Gregory Pegg, Department of History
  • Boise State University: E. L. Skip Knox

 

Australia

  • University of Sidney: Heresy and Witchcraft

 

 

 
 

University and other Academic Websites

 

 

In English

 

York University, UK     5 stars

 

York University in the UK has a project called The Genesis of the Inquisition: Procedures and Truth-claims of Inquisition records, The Inquisition Registers of the Languedoc 1235-1244. The project is producing an edition and English translation of inquisition records (parts of Doat 21 and all of Doat 22-24).

Click to open the website at www.york.ac.uk/res/doat/

There is also a developing section giving biographies of the Languedoc Inquisitors at www.york.ac.uk/res/doat/inquisition/biography.html

And a useful bibliography at www.york.ac.uk/res/doat/tools/bibliography.html

See also English translations from the Medieval Sourcebook on this site

 

Nottingham University, UK     3 stars

Nottingham University has created research network called the a Medieval Heresy and Dissent Research Network. (which does not seem very active as of 2016).

For more visit their homepage.

 

San Jose State University, USA 5 stars

Inquisition Records of Jacques Fournier. Nancy Stork's English translation of the Inquisition Records of Jacques Fournier, Bishop of Pamiers, France, 1318-1325. (covering all sorts of supposed "heretics", not just Cathars).

For more visit this page.

 

 

 

In French

Website of the late Jean Duvernoy, including French translations of depositions before the Inquisitors of the Languedoc.  5 stars

Click to open the website at http://jean.duvernoy.free.fr

 

 

 

 
 

CATHOLIC OBSERVATIONS
& COMENTARIES


 

 

Popes on the Cathars

 

 

Leo XIII

Pius XI

 

 

Other Catholic Sources

Hildegard of Bingen's visions concerning the Cathars and Pope Benedict XVI's comments on them in 2010

Anotated copy of the 1912 Catholic Encyclopedia entry on the Cathari

Anotated copy of the 1912 Catholic Encyclopedia entry on the Albigenses

Hilaire Belloc, The Albigensian Attack, Chapter Five of The Great Heresies

 
 

ENCYCLOPAEDIA ARTICLES

 

Encyclopaedia Britannica

Anotated copy of the 1912 Catholic Encyclopedia entry on the Cathari

Anotated copy of the 1912 Catholic Encyclopedia entry on the Albigenses

 

 
 
 

 

MAGAZINE & NEWSPAPER ARTICLES

 

Time Magazine: "Religion: Massacre of the Pure", 28 April, 1961

New York Times; "The Besieged and the Beautiful in Languedoc, 6 May 2010",

 

 

 
 
 

OTHER

 

Melvyn Bragg (Lord Bragg), In Our Time on Radio 4

Arques, Museum:  located in the house of René Neli, the man who revived interest in the Cathars early in twentieth century. Poor.

Montsegur, Museum:  located in the modern village of Montsegur and featuring many finds from excavations at Montsegur. Excellent.

Centre d'Études Cathares , Carcassonne - now defunct

Source Documernts - Primary Document Petrus Iohannes Olivi: Selections from the Apocalypse Commentary (1247/8-1298).

Extracts from various documents concerning the War against the Cathars: Minerve, (the tile of the site does not accurately describe its contents) Sources cited

 

Cathar related Music

  • L'Agonie du Languedoc: Claude Marti / Studio der frühen Musik - Thomas Binkley, dir. EMI "Reflexe" 1C 063-30 132 [LP-Stereo], 1975
  • La Nef. Montségur: La tragédie cathare. Dorian Recordings. DOR-90243
  • Savall The Forgotten Kingdom: The Cathar Tragedy - The Albigensian Crusade AVSA9873 A+C Alia Vox 2009
 
 

 

Cathar Related Videos

 

Catharism

   

Gnostics Part II - The Goodman's Heresy - UK Channel 4 - 1980s - 52 mins

with top scholars Bob Moore, Michel Roquebert, Ann Brenon. Also some reconstruction (with Brian Blessed!). Picture quality not so good.

mp4
   

Cathar Crusade

   
mp4
   

Montsegur - French Montségur - Occitan Montsegùr

   

Montségur - Reconstruction of Montsegur II & III- French - 3 mins

Excellent graphics - great help for understanding the castrum here in 1244 and the present ruins.

mp4

Montségur, Cathare ou non? - Claud Masol - 1996 - French - 22 mins 36

Confirming that Montsegur III post dates 1300

mp4

The Ruins of Montsegur - 11 mins 21

Nice pics. No narative, just annoying music

mp4
   
   
Youtube
   
Youtube
   
   

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

Further Information on Cathars and Cathar Castles

 

 

If you want to cite this website in a book or academic paper, you will need the following information:

Author: James McDonald MA, MSc.
Title: Cathars and Cathar Beliefs in the Languedoc
url: http://www.cathar.info
Date last modified: 8 February 2017

 

If you want to link to this site please see How to link to www.cathar.info

 

For media enquiries please e-mail james@cathar.info

 

 

 

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